A new study tests a controversial idea: that the everyday interactions between caregiver and child can change the way autism develops_This story was originally published on 23 March on sfari.org, an editorially independent division of SimonsFoundation.org_One afternoon in October 2012, a communication therapist from Manchester visited the home of Laura and her three children. Laura sat dow
Surgeons say that new technique will allow far more donor hearts to be used and could increase transplantation by up to 25%Surgeons in Cambridge are hailing as a success the first heart transplant operation in Europe to use a non-beating heart.Medical teams at Papworth Hospital spent more than a decade working on procedures to enable the landmark operation before performing the transplant
Neuroscientist David J. Linden on why touch is the sense that most defines us as humans Continue reading...
UCL scientists find that crossing the fingers can confuse the way the brain processes sensations - reducing pain in some casesNext time you hit your finger with a ill-judged strike of the hammer, cross your fingers, scientists suggest.A study has found that crossing the fingers can confuse the way the brain processes feelings of hot, cold and pain – in some cases reducing painful sensation
Latest genetic tests reveal another break in the male line, potentially undermining the legitimacy of the entire House of Plantagenet When scientists revealed last year that an adulterous affair had apparently broken the male line in Richard III’s family tree, they vowed to investigate further.But rather than clear up the mystery, their latest genetic tests have uncovered evidence of anoth
A combination of nanotechnology and a virus found on tobacco could save huge amounts of energy in industrial processesScientists have found a way to boil water faster, although they admit the discovery is unlikely to revolutionise tea-making.The technology works by coating a heating element with a virus found on tobacco plants. The coating dramatically reduces the size and number of bubble
Children of mothers prescribed macrolide antibiotics may be more likely to be affected by the conditionsScientists have raised the alert about an antibiotic routinely prescribed for chest infections, after linking it to an increased risk of epilepsy and cerebral palsy in children whose mothers took the drug during pregnancy.Children of mothers who had taken macrolide antibiotics were found
Results of largest ever genetics study of a single population could also help refine dates for major events during human evolution Humans are evolving more rapidly than previously thought, according to the largest ever genetics study of a single population. Scientists reached the conclusion after showing that almost every man alive can trace his origins to one common male ancestor who live
New research by Cambridge scientists analyses the way different personalities cluster across Great Britain The finding may be no surprise to those outside the M25, but Londoners rank among the least welcoming and most lazy people in the country, according to a survey of personalities in Great Britain. Related: Mapping the Great British personality Continue reading...
Zoos belonging to World Association of Zoos and Aquariums filmed allowing shocking mistreatment of elephants, dolphins, lions, bears, penguins and whalesDozens of examples of harrowing cruelty towards animals in zoos have been overlooked by the world’s top zoo organisation, animal welfare groups have alleged.Zoos belonging to the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (Waza) have been fil
For the next month the telescope will be free for Guardian readers to remotely observe the moon, nebulae, constellations and other objects in the night sky The Bradford Robotic Telescope sits more than a mile above sea level on the rim of an old volcano on Tenerife in the Canary Islands. The telescope, part of the Teide Observatory, captures stunning images of the night sky from one of the be
Owners of Highland Wildlife Park hope Victoria, 18, will get chummy with male Arktos during her stay in the CairngormsThe arrival of a female polar bear at a wildlife park in Scotland has raised the prospect of the first captive birth in Britain in 23 years.The new arrival, Victoria, is an 18-year-old bear who has spent her life in zoos in Germany and Denmark. On Wednesday, she will be int
Climate change is a moral challenge threatening the rights of the world’s poorest people and those who deny it are not using God’s gift of knowledge, says presiding bishop Katharine Jefferts SchoriThe highest ranking woman in the Anglican communion has said climate denial is a “blind” and immoral position which rejects God’s gift of knowledge.It’s hard work when you have a climate denier w
Scott Kelly and Mikhail Kornienko will spend a year together on the International Space Station and conduct research into the feasibility of a manned Mars missionTheir respective countries may be going through one of the worst periods of hostility since the end of the cold war, but this week an American astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut will fly up to the International Space Station to spend
Carnivorous amphibian _Metoposaurus algarvensis _grew to the size of a small car and dates back to the Late Triassic PeriodFossil hunters have found the remains of a giant carnivorous amphibian that patrolled ancient lakes and rivers at the dawn of the age of the dinosaurs.The salamander-like predator grew to the size of a small car and feasted on the fish that thrived in the waterways of
Geologist suggests extracting precious metals from human waste would keep harmful substances out of the ground – and recover valuable objectsFortunes could be saved from going down the drain by extracting gold and precious metals from human excrement, scientists suggest.Sewage sludge contains traces of gold, silver and platinum at levels that would be seen as commercially viable by traditi
Shortening of spring each year is due to the way Earth’s axis wobbles as it moves – but most of us won’t notice the difference in our lifetimeEvery year spring is getting shorter by about 30 seconds, according to researchers.This is mainly to do with how the Earth’s axis wobbles – very slowly – as it moves, or as LiveScience explains, “like a wobbling top, in a type of motion called preces
As part of the the celebrations for British Science Week, some of Britain's finest scientific minds gathered for an evening at the Science Museum. From 'Carl Sagan or Brian Cox?' to 'what is the single greatest threat to science?' we took the opportunity to ask them a selection of the most pressing questions facing scientists today Continue reading...
US scientists say they have discovered fossils of the ‘Carolina butcher’, a pre-dinosaur beast with sharp teethScientists have unearthed fossils in the United States of a big land-dwelling crocodile that lived about 231 million years ago, walked on its hind legs and was a top land predator right before the first dinosaurs appeared. Transported back to the Triassic Period, what would a pers
Ultrasounds show fetuses covering their face and touching their mouth more often if their mothers smoke while pregnant, medical journal study saysFetuses whose mothers smoke during the pregnancy cover their faces and touch their mouths more frequently, a pilot ultrasound study published in medical journal Acta Paediatrica revealed this week.The pilot study of 20 pregnant mothers, conducted
Arup SoundLab aims to win over opponents of third runway by simulating future noise levels. Gwyn Topham tests the noiseHeathrow airport has a new hi-tech weapon in its battle to win over public support for its long-desired third runway.A small sound laboratory has been set up in central London offering a simulated taste of what a future expanded airport would sound like. Related: A quie
Brett and Naghmeh King, who were jailed after taking their five-year-old son abroad for treatment, say he has made ‘miracle’ recoveryThe parents of five-year-old Ashya King, who were briefly jailed aftertaking him from a British hospital and fleeing abroad to seek treatment, have said he is now cancer-free. Brett and Naghmeh King, who prompted an international police hunt in August when th
The first fine-scale genetic map of any country in the world is published Continue reading...
New technique works 100 times faster than conventional 3D printing and makes objects within minutes by simply lifting them out of a pool of resinScientists have created a Terminator 2-inspired 3D printer that lifts objects fully formed from a pool of goo in a matter of minutes.The technique, which could transform 3D printing, works up to 100 times faster than current methods and produces o
Some scientists claim that new discoveries have proved free will is an illusion. Nonsense, says Julian BagginiWhenever you read stories about identical twins separated at birth, they tend to follow the template set by the most remarkable of them all: the “two Jims”. James Springer and James Lewis were separated as one-month-olds, adopted by different families and reunited at age 39. When Univer
Agency provides key data on volcanoes, algae growth and weather, but the Texas senator wants Nasa to focus on space exploration and drop climate change studyCurtailing the Earth sciences mission of Nasa would deprive scientists of important data relating to volcanic eruptions, destructive algae growth, extreme weather events and much more, experts warned a week after a confrontation on Capito
Last unresolved ‘major problem in mammalian evolution’ – the origin of two ungulates – has been resolved according to researchersTo 19th century British naturalist Charles Darwin, they were the strangest animals yet discovered, one looking like a hybrid of a hippo, rhino and rodent and another resembling a humpless camel with an elephant’s trunk. Ever since Darwin first collected their fos
… with the aid of a membranous bag called the allantois. And guess what? You once had one too Continue reading...
The caves of southern Europe are crawling with beetles – including two new discoveries Continue reading...
A Russian Soyuz rocket blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, sending a US astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts on their way to the International Space Station, a Nasa television broadcast showed. Two of the men, Nasa astronaut Scott Kelly, 51, and cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko, 54, will stay aboard the station for a year, twice as long as previous crews. Continue reading...